The Importance of Hand Hygiene During Cold And Flu Season

As the winter months approach, so does cold and flu season. During this time, it’s important to take extra precautions to protect yourself and others from getting sick. One of the most important ways to do this is by practicing good hand hygiene. In this article, we will discuss the importance of hand hygiene during cold and flu season and provide tips for effective hand washing.

Why Hand Hygiene is Important

The flu virus can survive on surfaces for up to 24 hours, and the common cold virus can survive for up to 72 hours. This means that if you come into contact with a contaminated surface and then touch your face, you could potentially become infected with the virus. Washing your hands regularly can help prevent the spread of germs and reduce your risk of getting sick.

Hand hygiene is especially important during cold and flu season because these illnesses are highly contagious. The flu virus, in particular, can be severe and even life-threatening, especially for young children, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems. Practicing good hand hygiene is a simple but effective way to protect yourself and others from getting sick.

Tips for Effective Hand Washing

To effectively wash your hands, follow these steps:

  1. Wet your hands with warm water.
  2. Apply soap and lather well.
  3. Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds, making sure to scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  4. Rinse your hands thoroughly with warm water.
  5. Dry your hands with a clean towel or air dryer.
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It’s important to wash your hands frequently throughout the day, especially after using the bathroom, blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. You should also wash your hands before eating, preparing food, or touching your face.

If you don’t have access to soap and water, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Look for a product that contains at least 60% alcohol and apply it to the palm of one hand. Rub your hands together until the sanitizer has evaporated and your hands are dry.

Other Ways to Practice Good Hand Hygiene

In addition to washing your hands frequently, there are other ways to practice good hand hygiene during cold and flu season:

Avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose, and mouth.

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of the tissue immediately.

Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as doorknobs, light switches, and countertops.

Stay home if you are sick to avoid spreading the illness to others.


Practicing good hand hygiene is essential during cold and flu season to prevent the spread of germs and protect yourself and others from getting sick. Remember to wash your hands frequently, avoid touching your face, cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and stay home if you are sick. By taking these simple but effective precautions, you can help reduce the impact of cold and flu season and keep yourself and your loved ones healthy.

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